Адміністративне правo і процес
ISSN: 2227-796X

Науково-практичний журнал‚ заснований Київським національним університетом імені Тараса Шевченка

 

Baluk G., Sushyk O. The Notion of Environmental Riskin the Operation of the Armed Forcesof Ukraine: Legal Aspects

    The article high lights the legal nature of environmental risk in the operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The author shave come to the conclusion that the environmental risk in the operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is one of the central categories of environmental safety law, and that the legal for mofi ts regulation is ensured in the current national environmental safety legislation. The above-mentioned category is also enshrined in such international legal documents as: the Council Directive 96/82/EC of 9 December 1996 On the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances, the Convention on Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents (Helsinki, 1992), the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stock piling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weaponsand on their Destruction (1975), the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modifi cation Techniques (Geneva,1977), the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stock piling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (Paris, 1993).

    In order to reveal the peculiarities of environmental risks the authors performed it’s classifi cation based on various characteristics.

    The article defi nes the notion of environmental risk in the operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine as a fact established by environmental legislation which caused the creation, change, and termination of legal relations in the operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine regarding environmental hazardous objects (including weapons), which determine the formation and implementation of special status of individuals, legal persons and state in the military sphere in order to identify, prevent and eliminate military and technogenic threats to the environment, human health and life, and that results in a special regime of legal liability for failure to perform or improper performance of obligations on ensurance of environmental safety in the operation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, including random (possible) danger.

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