Адміністративне право і процес

науково-практичний журнал заснований Київським національним університетом імені Тараса Шевченка

 

    The article investigates administrative procedures of rendering administrative services in the European Union and Ukraine. Special attention is devoted to compare general grounds of rendering administrative services and to formulate proposals for improvement of domestic legal regulation taking into account positive European experience.

У статті розкрито загальну характеристику процедури судового перегляду адміністративних актів в Естонії та Латвії. Проведено порівняння їх основних елементів, а також етапів здійснення цієї процедури. Проаналізовано відповідність норм законодавства обох країн, що регулюють процедуру перегляду, європейським вимогам та рекомендаціям.

Gouberska N. L. Licensing of the educational activities as an administrative procedure

The content and specifi c features of licensing of the higher educational establishments as administrative procedure are considered. Analyzes of the main stage of realization of administrative procedure of licensing of the educational activities in Ukraine were prepared.

Karas B. O. Administrative procedural status of citizens, who suffered as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe

    The structure of the administrative procedural status of citizens, who suffered as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe, is being analyzed. It’s key elements have been highlighted and examined. It is proposed to consider the citizenship of Ukraine; administrative procedural legal personality; administrative procedural rights, freedoms and legal interests; administrative procedural duties as the elements of administrative procedural status.

    The article is devoted to the examination of administrative procedural status of citizens, who suffered as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe. The main aim is elaboration of it’s structure. The rationale of chosen topic is justifi ed by a few reasons, one of them is the absence of legal research in this area. Such a high interest to the category of “administrative procedural status» has appeared recently and directly related to the approval of the Code of administrative adjudication of Ukraine in 2005. The article explores the main legal researchers’ positions to the determination of administrative procedural status. Particularly, it analyzes the concept of legal status and administrative legal status.

 

 Daruha V. A. Procedural principles of good administration and the problems of improving the national legislation

    The article investigates problem issues of fi xing and implementing procedural principles of good administration, in particular the principle of participation, charges for administrative decisions and forms of administrative decisions. In the article we summarize positive experience of Western European countries and its problems of usage in the Ukrainian legislation.

    The fi rst time the principles of public administration were identifi ed in the manual «Administration and You» as a result of a comprehensive study made by the Council of Europe. These principles were divided into the following groups: «1) material (basic) principles: the principle of legality, the principle of equality before the law, the principle of proportionality, the principle of objectivity and impartiality, the principle of protection the legal rights, the principle of responsibility; and 2) procedural principles: the principle of public access to (public) services, the right to be heard, the right to representation and support, the principle of a reasonable time (period), the principle of implementation the administrative decisions and the right to appeal the administrative decisions». Later the Council of Europe prepared the preliminary draft recommendation on good administration and consolidated Model code of good administration. According to the Model code of good administration the procedural principles are: requests from private persons, right of private person to be heard with the regard to individual decisions, right of private to be involved in certain non-regulatory decisions, charges for administrative decisions, form of administrative decisions, publication of administrative decision, publication of administrative decision, entry into force of administrative decisions, execution of administrative decisions, changes to individual administrative decisions.

    In the article we focus on the three procedural principles of public administration: principle of participation, charges for administrative decisions and form of administrative decisions. The principle of participation means that public authorities shall ensure participation by private persons through appropriate means in the development and implementation of administrative measures which concern them.

    The principle of charges for administrative decisions means that charges if payable by private person to public authorities in respect of administrative decisions shall be fair and reasonable. The principle of form of the administrative decisions means that administrative decisions shall be formulated in simple and clear language that is easily understood by private person to whom they are directed.

    Author has concluded that the following problems must be resolved: harmonization of legislation in the sphere of charge for administrative decisions, approval of the Administrative procedural code of Ukraine, create better opportunities for participation private persons in the development and implementation of administrative measures that affect them.

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